VDOE aims to make our content accessible to all. Accessibility is not just for deaf and blind people, but encompasses a wide range of conditions. In general, there are four categories of disabilities:
- Visual - blind, low-vision, vision impaired, elderly, such as:
- Color blindness
- Ocular Albinism
- Auditory - hearing impaired, such as:
- Acoustic trauma
- Auditory processing disorder
- Motor - physical disability limiting the use of device-dependent web content, such as:
- Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI)
- Cerebral palsy
- Muscular dystrophy
- Cognitive - intellectual/development disability, such as:
- Down’s syndrome
- Global developmental delay
- Additionally, many accessible needs come in the form of temporary disabilities when fully-abled people need assistance, such as:
- Eye injury
- No speakers
- Broken arm
- Adult holding an infant
The Virginia Department of Education is committed engaging the public on a website that is accessible to everyone, including people with disabilities. The department continually reviews and modifies its web content to improve the experiences of users who depend on assistive technology or who have special needs.
The VDOE web site currently meets international Web Content and Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 (WCAG) Level A and federal Section 508, and the department is working towards WCAG 2.0 Level AA compliance. The information on this page is provided to increase awareness about the importance of accessibility and to provide resources for schools and school divisions.
Your patience is appreciated as VDOE continues effort to improve the accessibility of the VDOE web content. Questions or concerns should be reported to firstname.lastname@example.org.
- World Wide Web Consortium Web Accessibility Initiative – Strategies, guidelines, resources to make the Web accessible to people with disabilities.
- Essential Components of Web Accessibility - Introduction to the relationships and interdependencies of the components used to make accessible content
- Web Accessibility First Aid: Approaches for Interim Repairs - First steps for getting started planninga direct approach to start with the most critical violations
- Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) Overview - The WCAG documents explain how to make web content more accessible to people with disabilities
- How to Meet WCAG 2.0 - a quick reference to the guidelines' descriptions, techniques and failures
- WebAIM – Information, training, resources, guidelines and standards for Web accessibility and disability access to the Web.
- The World Wide Web Consortium’s (W3C) WCAG to Non-web Information and Communication Technology
- Planning and Managing Website Accessibility - WAI - W3C – This guide outlines activities to help you integrate accessibility throughout the web production process.
- Accessible University mock site – This fictional university's webpage is designed to demonstrate a variety of common web design problems that result in visitors with disabilities being unable to access the content or features of a web page.
- Penn State's Accessibility Guide - Includes many of the techniques one can use to build more accessible Web sites.
- WebAIm.org: Testing with the NVDA Screen Reader
W3C provides an extensive list of accessibility tools including:
- Accessibility Checker
- AXE Plugin by Deque Systems
- WAVE – Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool
- WAVE Evaluation Tool Chrome Extension
- Web Developer Toolbar for Firefox
Understanding color contrast and tools to assess and remediate potential violations
- Contrast (Minimum): Understanding WCAG SC 1.4.3
- Color Contrast Analyzer Chrome Plugin
- The Paciello Group Colour Contrast Analyser
- WebAIM Color Contrast Checker
- WebAIM on PDF Accessibility - Defining Acrobat PDF Accessibility
- W3C PDF Techniques for WCAG 2.0
- PDF accessibility from Adobe
List of Acronyms
- AT: Assistive technology
- ADA: The Americans with Disabilities Act
- IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
- IEP: Individualized education program
- SSI: Supplemental Security Income
- WIA: Workforce Investment Act, 1998 federal law that included amendments to the VR laws
- Accessibility Scorecard – provides statistical analysis for accessibility (WCAG 1 / Section 508) and detailed reporting for all commonwealth executive branch agency web sites.
- Web Accessibility Template Guide for the state of Virginia
- IT Accessibility Standards, Website Standards, Website Guidelines
- Assistive Technology
- Accessible Instructional Materials (AIM)
- Infusing Assistive Technology for Learning: Assuring Access for all Students-This is a PDF document. (PDF)
- Universal Design for Learning (UDL)